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Pancreatectomy Surgery Treatment Cost In India -

An entire or partial pancreas can be surgically removed during a pancreatectomy. The pancreas is a hand-sized organ that is situated close to the stomach, intestines, and other organs in the belly. It is located in front of the spine and behind the stomach. The pancreas performs two vital bodily tasks:

  1. formation of food-digestion aiding juices
  2. the creation of hormones like glucagon and insulin that help the body utilize and store food energy and maintain healthy blood sugar levels in the body

Who needs pancreatectomy treatment

A pancreatectomy is used to treat a variety of pancreatic diseases, such as:

  1. Acinar cell tumors
  2. Adenocarcinoma (85% of all cancers in pancrea)
  3. Cancer of the ampulla of Vater (ampullary cancer)
  4. Cancer of the distal (lower portion) of the bile duct.
  5. Cystadenocarcinoma
  6. Cystadenoma (mucinous/serous)
  7. Duodenal cancer
  8. Inflammation
  9. Islet cell tumors (neuroendocrine tumors)
  10. Lymphoma
  11. Necrotising pancreatitis
  12. Neoplasms
  13. Papillary cystic neoplasms
  14. Severe chronic pancreatitis
  15. Severe hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia
  16. Severe Trauma

Treatment Procedure of pancreatectomy

A pear-shaped gland, the pancreas is located between the spine and the stomach. The head, body, and tail are the three components that make up the pancreas. The pancreas produces hormones that control blood sugar levels and digestive enzymes. An full or partial pancreas may be removed during a pancreatectomy. Some pancreatic cancer cases may be treated with it. Pancreatectomy comes in two flavours:

Distal pancreatectomy: Removal of the pancreas' body and tail. The spleen is frequently removed as well. There are two methods for doing a distal pancreatectomy:

Open Distal Pancreatectomy and Splenectomy: By an open incision, the removal of the spleen, pancreatic body, and tail (cut).

Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy: Laparoscopic removal of the pancreas' body or tail. With laparoscopy, surgical instruments are inserted through a number of tiny incisions.

After the Procedure of pancreatectomy treatment

Major surgery is a pancreatectomy. As a result, prolonged hospitalization is typically necessary, with a two to three week hospital stay being the norm. After surgery, certain individuals with pancreatic cancer might additionally receive combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy. There is little doubt that this additional therapy improves survival rates.

Patients who endure abdominal pain after surgery are given painkillers. In order to remove implanted tubes and evaluate the patient's recuperation, follow-up checkups are necessary. Because the pancreas' typically produced enzymes can no longer be used to breakdown food, a total pancreatectomy causes a condition known as pancreatic insufficiency. The ability to secrete insulin has also been lost. Insulin injections and pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy, which delivers digestive enzymes, are used to treat these diseases. Depending on the amount of the removal of pancreatic tissue and the patient's overall state of health prior to surgery, distal pancreatectomies might occasionally result in pancreatic insufficiency.

Risks Involved pancreatectomy surgery

Having a pancreatectomy carries some risks and adverse effects. Risks and adverse consequences include:

  1. Fistula in the pancreas (Leakage of pancreatic juice from the place that attaches the pancreas to the intestine).
  2. Gastroparesis/gastric ileus (Stomach paralysis).
  3. Delayed gastric emptying. 
  4. Long term digestive complications such as bowel habit changes, malabsorption, need to change your diet, diabetes, infection and weight loss.
  5. Bleeding.
  6. Infection.

Recovery after the procedure pancreatectomy

Typically, a pancreatectomy requires a one- to three-week hospital stay. During your hospital stay, you might have:

  1. Abdominal drains to drain extra fluid. 
  2. Nasogastric (NG) tube (tube placed into your nose and down into your stomach) to keep your stomach empty.
  3. Bladder catheter to empty urine from your bladder. 

Depending on your situation, you may also have: 

  1. Epidural tube to deliver pain medications. 
  2. Feeding tube is placed into your stomach to provide nutrition. 

Some of these tubes or drains may stay with you after you leave the hospital. Total parenteral nutrition, often known as TPN, is a type of nutrition that can be delivered directly into a vein if necessary. You'll receive advice on your post-surgery diet from your medical staff. It may be necessary to take digestive enzyme supplements to stop diarrhea, help with food digestion, and control blood sugar levels. Depending on your circumstances, this could be a short-term or permanent problem.

It usually takes 4 to 8 weeks to recover. You will discuss activity limitations while you are at home with your healthcare professional. It is frequently advised that you:

  1. Walk as much as possible.
  2. Do not drive while taking narcotic medications for pain.
  3. No heavy lifting, pushing, twisting, bending or pulling until cleared by your team.
  4. Eat small, frequent meals. Take supplements and enzymes as directed.
  5. Prevent constipation by drinking fluids and/or taking stool softeners.
  6. If insulin is required, take it as directed.

Cost of Pancreatic Surgery in India:

Many individuals from around the world have benefited from low cost pancreatic surgery in India. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and some of the most complex procedures are all handled extremely efficiently with a cost reduction of roughly 50–70%. The overall cost, which includes the consultation fee, hospital stay, medications, operation, lodging, transportation, etc., can help the patient save between 60 and 80 percent. Every year, this draws millions of visitors from the US, the UK, and other wealthy nations.

Patients frequently come from the following nations to India for surgery:

USA UK Canada
Australia New Zealand Nigeria
Kenya Ethiopia Uganda
Tanzania Zambia Congo
Sri Lanka Bangladesh Turkmenistan
Afghanistan Nepal Uzbekistan